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Turkey Adana Agreement

«This agreement paves the way for Turkey to enter in the event of adverse events,» President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, two days after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin at a rally in the eastern province of Erzurum, reaffirming his willingness to fully implement the agreement. In 1998, Turkey and Syria signed an agreement in the Turkish city of Adana that eased the tensions that brought the two nations to the brink of war. Syrian state media reported that Damascus was currently refusing to abide by the agreement. The agreement signed in the southern turkish city of Adana was aimed at allaying Ankara`s fears about the PKK terrorist group`s presence in Syria. During its decades of campaigning of terror, the PKK has killed 40,000 people in Turkey, including women, children and young children. It is also considered a terrorist organization by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. The Adana Agreement (pronounced [a`da.na]; in Turkish: Adana Mutabakat; In Arabic:) was a 1998 agreement between Turkey and Syria on the expulsion of the Kurdistan Workers` Party (PKK) from Syria. [1] Like the Adana Agreement, the agreement obliges Syria to prevent the PKK and its extensions from using its territory to set up camps, training centres and other facilities; Prevent them from recruiting militants and acquiring weapons; and to prevent the financing of terrorism through smuggling and trade. However, it does not allow Turkey to intervene unilaterally. Referring to the Adana agreement, the agreement provides for the creation of common mechanisms and working groups.

Article 7 states that both parties «will explore the possibilities of joint operations if necessary.» In accordance with the agreement, Syria recognized the PKK as a terrorist group and banned all its activities and those of its affiliated groups on the territory of the country. The Adana agreement, signed by Turkey and Syria on 20 October 1998, was the most critical topic on the agenda of the meeting between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin on 23 January. The two heads of state and government discussed the agreement at their joint press conference. Putin stressed that the 20-year-old agreement between Ankara and Damascus remained binding, while Erdogan stressed its importance and said Turkey would keep it on its agenda. It was the first meeting between the two heads of state since the announcement of the U.S. decision to withdraw its troops from Syria. That is why their discussions were already important — and the issue of the Adana agreement became even more important. What is this 1998 agreement and why is it back on the agenda after seven years of conflict in Syria? The Adana agreement was signed at a time when relations between Turkey and Syria were tense and neighbours were on the brink of war. Damascus had allowed Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers` Party (PKK), who is now serving a life sentence on the Turkish island of Imrali, to protect and direct the terrorist organization`s activities for several years within its borders.

When Turkey threatened to act militarily, Damascus deported Ocalan and closed PKK camps in the country. The Adana agreement should help restore bilateral relations. It was finally concluded after Iranian Foreign Minister Kemal Harrazi and Egyptian Foreign Minister Amr Moussa intervened on behalf of their presidents. Some have described the agreement as a Turkish-Syrian version of the Camp David agreement signed by Egypt and Israel. The Adana agreement lasted until 2011, when Turkish support for the Syrian opposition in the context of the civil war ended goodwill between the two countries and the Syrian government again began to support Kurdish groups to counterbalance Turkish efforts in Syria. [1] The Syrian government said that Turkey had violated the understanding of the agreement by arming rebel groups inside Syria. [10] In 2012, Turkish officials accused the Syrian government of directly supporting the PKK. [11] Putin`s goal is to encourage Turkey to cooperate with the Syrian regime.