Wto Sanitary And Phytosanitary Agreement

1. Members ensure that their health or plant health measures are based on an appropriate assessment of risks to human life or health, animal or plant, taking into account risk assessment techniques developed by relevant international organizations. (5) In order to achieve a uniform application of the concept of appropriate health or plant health protection against risks to life or human or animal health, or to animals or to health, each member avoids any arbitrary or unjustified difference between levels that he deems appropriate in different situations, where such distinctions result in discrimination or disguised restriction of international trade. Members are cooperating with the Section 12, paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 committee to develop guidelines to promote the practical implementation of this provision. In developing the guidelines, the committee takes into account all relevant factors, including the exceptional nature of the human health risks to which individuals voluntarily expose themselves. The SPS Committee, created by the SPS Agreement to ensure compliance with its implementation, has reviewed the operation and implementation of the agreement three times since it came into force in 1995 (`). Many governments have enshrined the main obligations of the SPS agreement in their national rules. They first consider whether the application of one of the relevant international standards2 could provide the level of health protection that the country deems appropriate and, if not, base their application on an assessment of the health risks associated with the trade in the product. The SPS Committee has developed guidelines to help governments define a coherent approach in defining their acceptable risk levels and select actions to achieve these objectives.3 An agreement on how governments can implement food security and plant protection measures (health and plant health measures or SPS measures) sets out the basic rules within the WTO.

1. Members ensure that all health and plant health provisions adopted (5) are published without delay so that interested members can be informed. (d) the affiliation and participation of the relevant agencies on its territory in international and regional health and plant health organizations and systems, as well as bilateral and multilateral agreements and arrangements under this agreement, as well as the texts of these agreements and arrangements. Under the SPS agreement, the WTO sets limits on Member States` policy on food security (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling) and animal and plant health (phyto-hygiene) with regard to pests and imported diseases. There are three standards bodies that set standards on which WTO members should base their SPS methods. According to Article 3, they are the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the secretariat of the International Convention on the Protection of Plants (IPPC). The SPS agreement strengthens the transparency of health and plant health measures. Countries should define SPS measures on the basis of an appropriate assessment of the actual risks they present and, upon request, indicate what factors they have considered, the assessment procedures they have followed and the level they deem acceptable.